Tai Chi Glossary

This short Taijiquan (Tai Chi) glossary is thus organized:

  • the usual writing in the west;
    • the traditional chinese characters for the term, and the simplified chinese characters for the same term;
    • the Pinyin writing for the term;
    • the Wade-Giles writing for the term;
    • the translation and a short explanation.
  • jin
    • 勁 or 劲
    • Pinyin: jìn
    • W-G: chin4
    • Strength. The radicals in the character also convey the idea of flow. Contrast with 力.
  • laojia
    • 老架 or 耂架
    • Pinyin: lǎojià
    • W-G: lao3 chia4
    • Old form: the best known set of forms in Chen style Taijiquan (Tai Chi), made up by two forms. Usually refers only to the first of these two forms.
  • neijia
    • 內家 or 内家
    • Pinyin: nèijiā
    • W-G: nei4 chia1
    • Martial art style that appeared and disappeared in the XVII century in China. From the start of the XX century, mainly due to a marketing move by Sun Lutang, the term began to be used to refer to a group of chinese martial styles which employ Neigong and Qigong exercises, and have some common broad principles.
  • quan, chuan
    • 拳
    • Pinyin: quán
    • W-G: ch’uan2
    • Fist. Also used to refer to an empty-hand fighting system, or to one form (set of movements) in such a system.
  • tuishou
    • 推手
    • Pinyin: tuÄ«shǒu
    • W-G: t’ui1 shou3
    • Pushing hands. Partner exercise in Taijiquan (Tai Chi).
  • yang
    • 陽 or 阳
    • Pinyin: yáng
    • W-G: yang2
    • Male principle, or the characteristics of movement, heat and light.
  • yin
    • 陰 or 阴
    • Pinyin: yÄ«n
    • W-G: yin1
    • Female principle, or the characteristics of inertia, cold and darkness.